Martius, PD Dr. Christopher

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Fachgebiete: Agraroekologie, Oekologie, Zoologie, Klimaforschung

Adresse

Principal Scientist Climate Change
Forests and Environment
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Jalan CIFOR
Situ Gede, Bogor Barat 16115
Indonesia
tel +62 (0) 251 8622 358
fax +62 (0) 251 8622 100
e-mail: c.martius@cgiar.org
website: www.cifor.org

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Thematische Schwerpunkte

Tropenökologie, Globaler Wandel, Ökosystemforschung, Diversität, Biologie und Ökologie von Termiten, Management von Landnutzungssystemen.

Geographische Schwerpunkte

Lateinamerika, Brasilien, Amazonien / Zentralasien und Kaukasus

Geburtsdatum, -ort

18.12.1955 Göttingen

Beruflicher Werdegang

1981 Dipl.Biol.; 1989 Dr.rer.nat., U Göttingen; 2003 Venia Legendi Agrar-Ökologie, U Bonn; 1985–1991 Mitarb.,MPI für Limnologie, Arbeitsgruppe Tropenökologie, Plön; 1992-1995 Wiss.Mitarb., Zoologisches Inst., U Göttingen; 1995-1996 Wiss.Mitarb.Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Brasilien;1996-1998 Wiss.Mitarb. Staatliches Museum für Natürkunde Karlsruhe; 1998-2007 Wiss. Mitarb. Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF), U Bonn; 2007-2009 Head, Program Facilitation Unit for Central Asia and the Caucasus and Coordinator of the Regional Program of ICARDA (International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas), in Taschkent, Usbekistan. 2009-2011 - Assistant Director: Science Programs Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), Sao José dos Campos, SP, Brasil. 2012: Wiss. Mitarb. Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF), U Bonn: Visiting Professor Indo-German Center for Sustainability (IGCS), Chennai, India. 2013- Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia.

Mitglied in wissenschaftlichen Vereinigungen

DesertNet International

Gesprochene Sprachen

Englisch, Portugiesisch, Spanisch, Französisch

Gelesene Sprachen

Englisch, Portugiesisch, Spanisch, Französisch, Italienisch

Lehrtätigkeit

1991-1998 Ecologia, Entomologia (NPA, Manaus) 1998- Agrarökologie, Interdisziplinäre Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF Bonn)

Betreute Arbeiten

Laufende Forschungsprojekte

Koop. mit ibero-amerikanischen Institutionen

Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental, Manaus, Brasilien; Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus,Brasilien.

Beratungstätigkeit/Arbeit in Gremien

Europäische Kommission BMBF Stiftung Volkswagenwerk

Publikationen (Auswahl)

Schriftenreihen

  • (Mithg.) ZEF Ecology and Development Series.
  • (Mithg.) Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus.


Periodika

  • (Mithg.) Management of Organic Matter in Tropical Soils: Scope and Limitations (Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 61, 1-2). 2001 (zus. mit H. Tiessen P.L.G. Vlek, Guest Editors).
  • (Mithg.) Mecanismos que mantém a diversidade tropical - um projeto de pesquisa bilateral teuto-brasileiro 1991-1996. Acta Amazônica 28(3). 1998 (zus. mit J. Adis, C.R.V. da Fonseca). 1998


Monographien

  • (Mithg.) Wehrheim, Peter, Anja Schoeller Schletter, and Christopher Martius (Editors, 2008): Continuity and change Land and water use reforms in rural Uzbekistan Socio economic and legal analyses for the region Khorezm. Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO). Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 43. VI + 203 pp. Download at: http://www.iamo.de/dok/sr_vol43.pdf
  • (Mithg.) Management of Organic Matter in Tropical Soils: Scope and Limitations. Dordrecht: Kluwer 2001, 248 S.(zus. mit H. Tiessen, P.L.G. Vlek). 2001
  • Untersuchungen zur Ökologie des Holzabbaus durch Termiten (Isoptera) in zentralamazonischen Überschwemmungswäldern (Várzea). Frankfurt/M. 1989, 285 S. 1989


Aufsätze

  • Rückamp, D., W. Amelung, L. de Simone Borma, L. Pena Naval, C. Martius (2009): Carbon and nutrient leaching from termite mounds inhabited by primary and secondary termites. Applied Soil Ecology 43, 159–162
  • Rudenko, I., Grote, U., Lamers, J.P.A., Martius, C. (2009): Regionale Wirtschaftsprojekte zwischen Wertschöpfung und Nachhaltigkeit. In: Chiari, B., and Pahl, M (eds.): Wegweiser zur Geschichte Usbekistans. Ferdinand Schoeningh. pp. 259-267
  • Christmann, S., C. Martius, D. Bedoshvili, I. Bobojonov, C. Carli, K. Devkota, Z. Ibragimov, Z. Khalikulov, K. Kienzler, H. Manthrithilake, R. Mavlyanova, A. Mirzabaev, N. Nishanov, R.C. Sharma, B. Tashpulatova, K. Toderich, M. Turdieva (2009): Food Security and Climate Change in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.7. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
  • Bedoshvili, D., C. Martius, A. Gulbani, T. Sanikidze (2009): Alternative Crops for the Subtropical Zone of West Georgia and their Sales Opportunities and Risks on the European Market. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.6. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 45 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/files/sacac/SACAC_06_Alternative_Crops_West_Georgia.pdf
  • Mirzabaev, A., C. Martius, S. Livinets, K. Nichterlein, R. Apasov (2009): Kyrgyzstan’s National Agricultural Research and Extension System: An Assessment of Information and Communication Needs. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No. 5. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 89 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/files/sacac/SACAC_05_ICT_in_Kyrgyzstan.pdf
  • Gupta, R., K. Kienzler, A. Mirzabaev, C. Martius, E. de Pauw, K. Shideed, T. Oweis, R. Thomas, M. Qadir, K. Sayre, C. Carli, A. Saparov, M. Bekenov, S. Sanginov, M. Nepesov, and R. Ikramov (2009): Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia. ICARDA Central Asia and Caucasus Program. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.1. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 84 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/files/sacac/SACAC-01_research-prospectus_eng.pdf
  • Rudenko, I., U. Grote, J.P.A. Lamers, C. Martius (2009): Regionale Wirtschaftsprojekte zwischen Wertschöpfung und Nachhaltigkeit. In: Bernhard Chiari, Magnus Pahl (Eds.): Wegweiser zur Geschichte Usbekistans. Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn. 259-267.
  • Begdullaeva, T., M. Orel, I. Rudenko, N. Ibragimov, J.P.A. Lamers, K. Toderich, Z. Khalikulov, C. Martius (2009): Productivity of sugar sorghum varieties imported from India under the conditions of Karakalpakstan. [Продуктивность Сортов Сахарного Сорго Интродуцированных Из Индии В Условиях Каракалпакстана.) Vestnik [вестник) 215, 20-22.
  • Sharma, R.C., A. I. Morgounov, H.J. Braun, B. Akin, M. Keser, D. Bedoshvili, A.Bagci, C. Martius, M. van Ginkel (2009): Identifying high yielding stable winter wheat genotypes for irrigated environments in Central and West Asia. Euphytica. DOI 10.1007/s10681-009-9992-6
  • Kasina M, M Kraemer, C Martius and D Wittmann (2009). Farmers’ Knowledge of Bees and their Natural History in Kakamega district, Kenya. Journal of Apicultural Research, 48 (2): 126-133. DOI 10.3896/IBRA.1.48.2.07
  • Kasina M, M Kraemer, C Martius and D Wittmann, (2009). Diversity and Activity Density of Bees Visiting Crop Flowers in Kakamega, Western Kenya. Journal of Apicultural Research, 48 (2): 134-139. DOI 10.3896/IBRA.1.48.2.08
  • Forkutsa, I., R. Sommer, R., Y. Shirokova, J.P.A. Lamers, K. Kienzler, B. Tischbein, C. Martius, P.L.G. Vlek (2009): Modeling irrigated cotton with shallow groundwater in the Aral Sea Basin of Uzbekistan: I. Water dynamics. Irrigation Science 27(4): 331-346. Doi: 10.1007/s00271-009-0148-1
  • Forkutsa, I., R. Sommer, R., Y. Shirokova, J.P.A. Lamers, K. Kienzler, B. Tischbein, C. Martius, P.L.G. Vlek (2009): Modeling irrigated cotton with shallow groundwater in the Aral Sea Basin of Uzbekistan: II. Soil salinity dynamics. Irrigation Science 27(4): 319-330. Doi: 10.1007/s00271-009-0149-0
  • Martius, C., J. Froebrich, E.-A. Nuppenau (2009): Water Resource Management for Improving Environmental Security and Rural Livelihoods in the Irrigated Amu Darya Lowlands. In: Hans Günter Brauch, Úrsula Oswald Spring, John Grin, Czeslaw Mesjasz, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, Navnita Chadha Behera, Béchir Chourou, Heinz Krummenacher (Eds.): Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts. Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, Vol. 4 (Berlin – Heidelberg – New York: Springer-Verlag), 749-762.
  • Bandowe, B., D. Rückamp, M. Bragança, V. Laabs, W. Amelung, C. Martius, W. Wilcke (2009). Naphthalene production by termite-associated microorganisms: evidence from a microcosm experiment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41(3):630-639. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.12.029
  • Fatondji, D. C. Martius, C.L. Bielders, S. Koala, P.L.G. Vlek, R. Zougmore (2009): Decomposition of organic amendment and nutrient release under the zai technique in the Sahel. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 85(3), 225-239. DOI 10.1007/s10705-009-9261-z
  • Scheer, C., R. Wassmann, K. Butterbach-Bahl, J.P.A. Lamers, C. Martius (2009): The relationship between N2O, NO, and N2 fluxes from fertilized and irrigated dryland soils of the Aral Sea Basin, Uzbekistan. Plant and Soil 314: 273-283. DOI 10.1007/s11104-008-9728-8
  • Rudenko, I., U. Grote, J. Lamers, C. Martius (2008): Wert schöpfen, Wasser sparen. Effizienzsteigerung im usbekischen Baumwollsektor. In: M. Sapper, Volker Weichsel (Eds.): Grünbuch. Politische Ökologie im Osten Europas. Berlin. [Osteuropa 04-05/2008], 407-418.
  • Kohlschmitt, S., R. Eshchanov, R., C. Martius (2008): Alternative Crops for Khorezm (Uzbekistan) and their Sales Opportunities as well as Risks on the European Market. 42pp. ZEF Work Papers for Sustainable Development in Central Asia. No. 11. 42 pp. http://www.khorezm.uni bonn.de/downloads/WPs/ZEF UZ WP11 Kohlschmitt.pdf
  • Scheer, C., R. Wassmann, K. Kienzler, N. Ibragimov, J. Lamers, C. Martius (2008) Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in annual and perennial land use systems of the irrigated areas in the Aral Sea Basin. Global Change Biology, 14, 1–15, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01631.x
  • Akramkhanov, A., R. Sommer, C. Martius, J.M.H. Hendrickx, P.L.G. Vlek (2008): Comparison and sensitivity of measurement techniques for spatial distribution of soil salinity. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 22, 115-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10795 008 9043 9
  • Wehrheim, P., C. Martius (2008): Farmers, Cotton, Water and Models: Introduction and overview. Pp. 1-16. In: Peter Wehrheim, Anja Schoeller Schletter, and Christopher Martius (Editors, 2008): Continuity and change Land and water use reforms in rural Uzbekistan Socio economic and legal analyses for the region Khorezm. Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO). Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 43. Download at: http://www.iamo.de/dok/sr_vol43.pdf
  • Sommer, R., K. Kienzler, C. Conrad, N. Ibragimov, J.P.A Lamers, C. Martius, P.L.G. Vlek (2008): Evaluation of the CropSyst model for simulating the potential yield of cotton. J. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 28 (2): 345-354.DOI: 10.1051/agro:2008008
  • Ruecker G.R., Z. Shi, M. Mueller, C. Conrad, N. Ibragimov, J.P.A. Lamers, C. Martius, G. Strunz, S.W. Dech (2007): Regional scale estimation of cotton yield in Uzbekistan by integrating remote sensing and field data info into an agrometeorological model. In: Uzbekistan Cotton Research Institute (Ed.) Scientific and practical bases of improvement of soil fertility. Proceedings of the International Conference, Tashkent, Uzbekistan (27-28 August 2007). Part 1, 213-220.
  • Shi, Z., G.R. Ruecker, M. Müller, C. Conrad, N. Ibragimov, J.P.A. Lamers, C. Martius, G. Strunz, S.W. Dech, P.L.G. Vlek (2007) Modeling of Cotton Yields in the Amu Darya River Floodplains of Uzbekistan Integrating Multitemporal Remote Sensing and Minimum Field Data. Agronomy Journal 99, 1317 1326. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2006.0260
  • Conrad, C., S.W. Dech, M.M. Hafeez, J.P.A. Lamers, C. Martius, G. Strunz (2007): Mapping and assessing of water use in a Central Asian irrigation system by utilizing MODIS remote sensing products. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 21(3-4), 197-218. doi: 10.1007/s10795-007-9029-z
  • Ibrakhimov, M., A. Khamzina, I. Forkutsa, G. Paluasheva, J.P.A. Lamers, B. Tischbein, P.L.G. Vlek, and C. Martius (2007): Groundwater table and salinity: Spatial and temporal distribution and influence on soil salinization in Khorezm region (Uzbekistan, Aral Sea Basin). Irrigation and Drainage Systems. 21 (3-4), 219-236. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10795-007-9033-3
  • Worbes, M. E. Botman, A. Khamzina, A. Tupitsa, C. Martius, J.P.A. Lamers (2006): Scope and constraints for tree planting in the irrigated landscapes of the Aral Sea Basin: case studies in Khorezm Region, Uzbekistan. ZEF Discussion Papers On Development Policy No. 112, Center for Development Research, Bonn, December 2006, 49p. http://www.zef.de/fileadmin/webfiles/downloads/zef_dp/zefdp_112.pdf
  • Römbke, J., H. Höfer, M.V.B. Garcia, C. Martius (2006): Feeding rates of soil organisms at four different forest sites in Central Amazonia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22(3): 313-320. doi:10.1017/S0266467406003166
  • Khamzina, A., J.P.A. Lamers, C.Martius, M. Worbes, P.L.G Vlek (2006): Potential of nine multipurpose tree species to reduce saline ground water table (biodrainage) in the lower Amu Darya River region of Uzbekistan. Agroforestry Systems 68(2), 151-165. DOI 10.1007/s10457 006 9006 9
  • Fatondji, D., C. Martius, C. Bielders, P. Vlek, A. Bationo, B. Gerard (2006): Effect of planting technique and amendment type on pearl millet yield, nutrient uptake, and water use on degraded land in Niger. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 76: 203-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10705-005-6209-9
  • Mando, A., D. Fatondji, R. Zougmoré, L. Brussard, C. Bielders, C. Martius (2006): Restoring soil fertility in semi arid West Africa: assessment of an indigenous technology. In: N. Uphoff et al. (Ed.): Biological approaches to sustainable soil systems. CRC Press. 784 pp.
  • Krauss, M., Wilcke, W., Martius, C., Bandeira, A.G., Garcia, M.V.B., Amelung, W. (2005): Atmospheric versus biological sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a tropical rain forest environment. Environmental Pollution 135, 143-154. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2004.09.012
  • Martius, C., Lamers, J., Ibrakhimov, M., Vlek, P. (2004): Towards a sustainable use of natural resources in the Aral Sea Basin. In: H. Bogena, J.-F.Hake, H. Vereecken (Eds.): Water and Sustainable Development. Schriften des Forschungszentrums Jülich. Reihe Umwelt/Environment 48 117-134
  • Kurzatkowski, D., C. Martius, H. Höfer, M. Garcia, B. Förster, L. Beck, PLG Vlek (2004): Litter decomposition, microbial biomass and activity of soil organisms in three agroforestry sites in central Amazonia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 69, 257-267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:FRES.0000035196.19804.13
  • Apolinário, F.B.E., Martius, C. (2004): Ecological role of termites (Insecta, Isoptera) in tree trunks in central Amazonian rain forests. Forest Ecology and Management 194 (1 3), 23 28. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.01.052. Full article PDF download possible.
  • Martius, C., Höfer, H., Garcia, M.V.B, Römbke, J., Hanagarth, W. (2004): Microclimate in agroforestry systems in central Amazonia: does canopy closure matter to soil organisms? Agroforestry Systems 60, 291-304. DOI: 10.1023/B:AGFO.0000024419.20709.6c
  • Martius, C., Höfer, H., Garcia, M.V.B., Römbke, J., Hanagarth, W. (2004): Litter fall, litter stocks and decomposition rates in rain forest and agroforestry sites in central Amazonia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 68, 137-154. DOI: 10.1023/B:FRES.0000017468.76807.50
  • Rainfall and air humidity: Non-linear relationships with termite swarming in Amazonia, in: Amazoniana 17(2004)3/4, S. 387-397. 2004
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) patterns in climatically different ecological zones of Brazil, in: Organic Geochemistry 34(2003), S. 1405-1417 (zus. mit W. Wilcke, W. Amelung, M. Krauss, A. Bandeira, M. Garcia). 2003
  • Hanagarth, W., Höfer, H., Martius, C., Garcia, M. V. B. & Römbke, J. (2004): Soil fauna densities and fluctuations in central Amazonian forests and polyculture plantations as affected by the El Niño and La Niña events in the years 1997 - 1999. Environtropica 1: 1-18.
  • Abdullaev I.I. Khamraev A.S., Martius C., Nurjanov A.A., Eshchanov R.A. (2002): Termites (Isoptera) in irrigated and arid landscapes of Central Asia (Uzbekistan). Sociobiology. Vol. 40 (3), 605-614
  • Martius, C. & P.L.G. Vlek (2002): A abordagem interdisciplinar dos problemas de desenvolvimento: integrando ecologia e ciências sociais num projeto de pesquisa na bacia do Mar de Aral. [The interdisciplinary approach to development problems: integrating ecology and social sciences in a research project in the Aral Sea Basin]. In: Colecão Documentos, Série Ciências Ambientais No.21. Instituto de Estudos Avançados (IEA), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 29-43
  • Lignin characteristics and density fractions of termite nests in an Amazonian rain forest - indicators of termite feeding guilds?, in: Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34(2001), S. 367-372 (zus. mit W. Amelung, A.G. Bandeira, M.V.B. Garcia, W. Zech). 2001
  • Termiten, Regenwürmer und Ameisen - prägende Elemente der Bodenfauna tropischer Regenwälder, in: Andrias 15(2001), S. 15-27 (zus. mit J. Römbke, M. Verhaagh, H. Höfer, L. Beck). 2001
  • Structure and nest architecture in Nasutitermes populations of white-water floodplain forests in Amazonia, and a field key to the nests of species from Ilha de Marchantaria (Isoptera: Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae), in: Andrias 15(2001), S. 163-171. 2001
  • Structure and function of the soil fauna in Amazonian anthropogenic and natural ecosystems, in: Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37(2001):, 229-235 (zus. mit H. Höfer, W. Hanagarth, L. Beck, M. Garcia, E. Franklin, J. Römbke). 2001
  • Xylophagous macro-invertebrate and fungi associations in contrasting Amazonian ecosystems: the millipede viewpoint. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 27(2001), S. 71-79 (zus. mit K. Vohland, M.A. de Jesus, J. Adis). 2001
  • Observation of alate swarming and colony foundation in Syntermes spinosus (Isoptera: Termitidae) in Amazonia. Sociobiology 37(3B) (2001), S. 585-591. 2001
  • A abordagem interdisciplinar dos problemas de desenvolvimento: integrando ecologia e ciências sociais num projeto de pesquisa na bacia do Mar de Aral, The interdisciplinary approach to development problems: integrating ecology and social sciences in a research project in the Aral Sea Basin, in: Colecão Documentos, Série Ciências Ambientais No.21. Instituto de Estudos Avançados (IEA), Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo, Brazil 2002, S. 29-43 (zus. mit P.L.G. Vlek). 2002


Rezensionen


Sonstiges

  • Effects of pesticides on soil fauna: Development of ecotoxicological test methods for the tropics, in: ZEF news 15(2004), S. 1-2 (zus. mit M. Garcia, B. Förster, J. Römbke, G. Welp). 2004




Letzte Aktualisierung: 03.11.2009